A recent article published by Jazz Ma, Frank Lee and Robert Chung (from the Program for Public Opinion at the University of Hong Kong) in the Asian Network for Public Opinion Research (ANPOR), describes the relevance of electronic voting for civil referendums.
The research explains how an online electronic voting system can be designed to authenticate voters online, receive votes, securely encrypt and store sensitive data, operate physical polling stations designed for electronic voting, and to stand up from cyber attacks of different types and scales.
In 2013, the Public Opinion Programme of the University of Hong Kong formed a group of 11 professionals coming from the information technology industry to work out an electronic voting system called PopVote. Much like the Estonian Internet voting system, electronic voting is optional as the voters can also choose paper ballots at physical polling stations.
With eight national elections offering citizens the possibility to vote online, Estonia is the world’s most successful Internet voting system available, and a clear example for other nations.
Until this date, three large-scale civil referendums have been run in South Korea using electronic voting: In March 2012, Jan 2014 and June 2014. Being the numbers of voters over 230 thousand, 60 thousand and around 800 thousand respectively.